Encouraging progress has been made at individual institutions – particularly in tackling gender-based-violence – with common activities including increased training for staff, preventative campaigns and development of partnerships with third sector and specialist organisations. Responses to the survey show:
81% have updated their discipline procedures, with 53% introducing or making additions to the student code of conduct
81% improved support for reporting students and 67% improved support for responding students
78% provided students clear information on how to report an incident
72% developed or improved recording of data on incidents with a more centralised approach
65% have rolled out consent training to their students
Over a third reported recruiting new staff to respond to the recommendations in Changing the Culture
Despite this progress, the research also shows more still to do to drive positive change across higher education. A particular theme which emerged from the research is that, while there has been good progress in responding to sexual harassment and gender-based violence, less priority has been afforded to tackling other forms of harassment including racial harassment and other forms of hate crime.
Professor Julia Buckingham CBE, President of Universities UK and Vice-Chancellor of Brunel University London, said:
"The higher education sector recognises its shared responsibility to eliminating hate crime, which is unacceptable in our society, and in our universities. We are committed to ensuring we create welcoming and inclusive environments for students of all genders, backgrounds and ethnicities to flourish and this research shows significant progress towards that.
"We particularly welcome actions taken by universities in addressing some of the issues and steps highlighted in our Changing the Culture report. However, it is clear that there is a long way to go in ending harassment and hate crime for good in higher education.
"While it is understandable that there has been a particular focus on addressing gender-based violence, it is time for us to step-up and make sure the same priority status and resourcing is given to addressing all forms of harassment and hate."
In response to the findings, UUK has set out some additional recommendations for universities to consider, to make further progress:
Ensure accountability for tackling harassment and hate crime sits at senior management/executive level – just under half of responding institutions indicated this was currently the case.
Involve responding students and reporting students and bystanders to develop and improve response strategies. Only 32% currently involve them in developing an institutional strategic response, although almost all work with students' unions on this.
Setting all students, including pre-arrival, with clear behavioural expectations, linked to potential sanctions if these are breached.
Make resource allocation for this part of the strategic planning process - 45% identified a lack of resources as a key barrier to enhancing progress.
Ensure regular reporting and reviewing to governing bodies or committees.
Ensure that the principles and priority status afforded to handling sexual misconduct are also given to other forms of harassment and hate crime.
Addressing concerns that wider forms of harassment – and particularly racial harassment – have been under-supported, UUK will be developing practical guidance on preventing and responding specifically to racial harassment.
Today it is announcing an advisory group which will bring together senior leaders, student representatives and policy experts from across the sector to lead on this work. It will be chaired by Professor David Richardson, Vice-Chancellor of the University of East Anglia. The guidance will include addressing all forms of racial harassment experienced by students and staff. It also builds on the outcomes and recommendations from the soon-to-report EHRC inquiry, to support improvements in policy and practice, and identify 'what works' to ensure all university interventions deliver maximum positive benefit.
Notes to editors:
UUK took a leadership role in 2016, establishing a harassment taskforce and producing a report, Changing the Culture, with a series of recommendations to drive change. Report findings one year on showed that progress was being made but more must be done. This latest survey was conducted two years on.
95 of Universities UK's 136 members replied.
Universities UK will be running a workshop for members on how the sector should respond to the EHRC recommendations, on 30th October 2019.
Membership of UUK's advisory group to tackle racial harassment in higher education:
Assistant Professor in Sociology
Secretary and Registrar of London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine