The recommendations are the result of a taskforce set up by Universities UK last year to examine these issues. The taskforce consisted of university leaders, student representatives and academic experts. The group considered harassment in all its forms but focused particularly on issues of sexual violence and harassment.
The taskforce's report – which has been circulated to all universities – makes a series of recommendations on addressing these issues through effective prevention and response.
The taskforce looked also at the guidance available to universities on managing situations where a student's behaviour may constitute a criminal offence. The Taskforce concluded that the existing guidance dating back to 1994 (known as the Zellick guidelines) required review. This review has been carried out and new guidelines are published alongside today’s report.
The taskforce also received evidence relating to staff-to-student sexual harassment. This issue needs to be addressed, along with on-line harassment and hate crimes on the grounds of race. Universities UK will consult with universities, students and interested groups to assess what more can be done in these areas and what further action is necessary.
Nicola Dandridge, Chief Executive of Universities UK and chair of the taskforce, said: “The university sector has been clear that there is no place for sexual violence, harassment or hate crime on a university campus, nor anywhere else.
“The impact of any such incident on a student is so potentially serious that universities must be ready to respond effectively and proactively engage in prevention initiatives.
“The evidence showed that while many universities have already taken positive steps to address these issues, university responses are not always as joined-up as they could be. There is more work that can be done to share effective practice across the sector.
“The taskforce agreed that there are several steps that universities can take to promote and reinforce positive behaviour among students.
“It is clear that these issues are not isolated to universities and reflect behaviours in society generally, including in schools and local communities. UK universities, however, have a significant role to play, and are in a position to lead the way in preventing and responding to violence against women, harassment and hate crime, beyond the boundaries of the university campus.”
The taskforce report recommends that:
Universities, working with students’ unions, should take an institution-wide approach to tackling violence against women, harassment and hate crime and carry out a regular impact assessment of their approach
Universities should embed a zero-tolerance approach to sexual violence, harassment and hate crime, highlighting up-front the behaviours that are expected from all students, as well as ensuring staff understand the importance of fostering a zero-tolerance culture
Universities should develop a clear and accessible response procedure and centralised reporting system for dealing with incidents of violence, harassment or hate crime, working with relevant external agencies where appropriate
Existing guidance available to universities on managing situations where a student's disciplinary offence may constitute a criminal offence should be reviewed. Such guidance can be critical in assisting universities to manage cases and provide appropriate support to students. This review has been carried out and new guidelines are published alongside today’s report
Universities develop and maintain partnership working as a fundamental component of preventing and responding to violence against women, harassment and hate crime. Partners – including the police, community leaders and specialist services – can be vital in supporting students, ensuring staff are well-trained and assessing the nature and scale of the issues affecting students at a given time
Universities UK should hold an annual national conference for the next three years to facilitate the sharing of good practice on matters related to the work of the taskforce
Universities UK should work with relevant bodies such as the NUS, JISC and Reclaim the Internet to assess what further support may be needed to tackle the growing prevalence of online harassment and hate crime
The taskforce Report of the Universities UK Taskforce examining violence against women, harassment and hate crime affecting university students is available to download. The guidance for higher education institutions on how to handle alleged student misconduct which may also constitute a criminal offence, is available to download here. For more information or interview requests, please contact Gareth Morgan on pressoffice@UniversitiesUK.ac.uk or telephone 020 7419 5407
The report recommendations and guidelines have relevance to universities in all parts of the UK.
The taskforce was established in November 2015. For more information, please see the launch media release
Members of the taskforce include: Nicola Dandridge, Taskforce Chair; Chief Executive, Universities UK; Professor Janet Beer | Vice-Chancellor, University of Liverpool; Minda Burgos-Lukes, Head of Liberation, NUS, member of the Taskforce June – September 2016; Carol Burns, Registrar and Secretary, University of Brighton, AHUA representative on the Taskforce, September 2015–February 2016; Paul Deemer, Head of Head of Diversity and Inclusion, NHS Employers; Megan Dunn, President, NUS; member of Taskforce, October 2015–June 2016; Jenny Jenkin, Registrar, University of Bedfordshire, AHUA representative, March–September 2016; Professor Janice Kay, Provost, University of Exeter; Jess Lishak, Women's Officer (until June 2016), University of Manchester Students' Union; Maria Lorenzini, Director of Student Experience, Bangor University; Dr Helen Mott, Independent Consultant and co-creator of The Intervention Initiative; Dr Veena O'Halloran, Director of Student Experience and Enhancement Services, University of Strathclyde, Taskforce member, March–September 2016; Professor David Richardson, Vice-Chancellor, University of East Anglia.
Organisations that contributed to the taskforce include: Association of Heads of University Administration; Association of Managers of Student Services in Higher Education; Association of University Chief Security Officers; Board of Deputies of British Jews; British Council; British Universities and Colleges Sport; Centre for Feminist Research, Goldsmiths, University of London; Community Security Trust; Conservatoires UK; End Rape on Campus; End Violence Against Women Coalition; Equality Challenge Unit; Everyday Sexism; Galop; The Global Foundation for the Elimination of Domestic Violence; Islamic Human Rights Commission; Jewish Leadership Council; LimeCulture; McAllister Olivarius; National Union of Students; Police Association of Higher Education Liaison Officers; Rape Crisis England and Wales; Stonewall; StopHate UK; Tell MAMA (Measuring Anti-Muslim Attacks)